Spain could claim the non-Christian lands to the west. Learn how and when to remove this template message, Moroccan-controlled part of Western Sahara, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Demarcation_line&oldid=978087673, Articles needing additional references from January 2008, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The Line of Demarcation was a line drawn along a meridian in the, This page was last edited on 12 September 2020, at 20:32. Lines of Demarcation . Lines of demarcation, 1493, 1494, and 1529. Spain’s argument that the Treaty of Tordesillas divided the world into two equal hemispheres was not recognized in the Treaty of Saragossa: Portugal’s share was approximately 191°, whereas Spain’s was roughly 169°, with a variation of about ±4° owing to the uncertainty of the location of the Tordesillas line. After Ferdinand Magellan’s expedition (1519–22), the area of the Pacific came into play, particularly the Spice Islands (Moluccas), which both countries claimed. an arbitrary line that the pope drew to divide the New World territory between Spain and PortugalB. Portugal paid Spain 350,000 ducats for the Moluccas, and, to prevent further Spanish encroachment, the new line of demarcation was established almost three hundred leagues (or 17°) to the east of these islands. No other European powers facing the Atlantic Ocean ever accepted this papal disposition or the subsequent agreement deriving from it. Portugal objected, and the Treaty of Tordesillas shifted the line of demarcation more than 800 miles to the west. After Spain and Portugal agreed to the Treaty of Tordesillas in 1494, the other countries of Europe did not obey its terms. The challenge being, if a person crosses this line there will be a battle. The two Iberian powers would divide up the world for the second time in 35 years with the Treaty of Saragossa (1529), which proclaimed Portuguese dominion over Asia and the Indian Ocean while ceding the Pacific to Spain. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/event/Treaty-of-Tordesillas, National Geographic - 1494: Treaty of Tordesillas, United States History - Treaty of Tordesillas. The Line of Contact was a demarcation line between Soviet and American forces, it marked the farthest advance of Canadian, American, British and Soviet Armies into German controlled territory at the End of World War II in Europe. It was called the Line of Demar-cation. Portugal’s King John II was unhappy—he believed the line favored Spain. a line marking all land that Europeans had conquered in the New World by the fifteenth century.C. On May 4, 1493, the Spanish-born Pope Alexander VI decreed in the bull Inter caetera that all lands west and south of a pole-to-pole line one hundred leagues west and south of any of the islands of the Azores or the Cape Verde Islands should belong to Spain. A line of demarcation is a line that is imaginary stating a challenge to someone. Portuguese expeditions were to keep to the east of the line. A political demarcation line is a geopolitical border, often agreed upon as part of an armistice or ceasefire. King John II of Portugal was dissatisfied because Portugal’s rights in the New World were insufficiently affirmed, and the Portuguese would not even have sufficient room at sea for their African voyages. In 1493, after reports of Columbus’s discoveries had reached them, the Spanish rulers Ferdinand and Isabella enlisted papal support for their claims to the New World in order to inhibit the Portuguese and other possible rival claimants. Why border lines drawn with a ruler in WW1 still rock the Middle East. The new boundary enabled Portugal to claim the coast of Brazil after its discovery by Pedro Álvares Cabral in 1500. Neither power was to occupy any territory already in the hands of a Christian ruler. The two states acting as the vanguard of the expansion of Europe had thus divided the newly discovered sea lanes of the world between them.…. Published. Spain was given exclusive rights to all newly discovered and undiscovered lands in the region west of the line. Spanish interest in the Philippines, shown by the new treaty to be on the Portugal side of the line, would become an issue in the later decades of the sixteenth century. Corrections? In theory, the Treaty of Tordesillas divided the New World into Spanish and Portuguese spheres of influence. Map showing the line of demarcation between Spanish and Portuguese territory, as first defined by Pope Alexander VI (1493) and later revised by the Treaty of Tordesillas (1494). These declarations had granted Spain an exclusive claim to the entirety of North and South America. Spain won control of lands discovered west of the line, while Portugal gained rights to new lands to the east. Always needing money for his European wars, Charles V of Spain sought a practical solution to the “Moluccas issue” after he married Isabella of Portugal in 1526; he signed a new treaty with Portugal in Zaragoza, Spain, on April 22, 1529. When it was signed in 1494, the Treaty of Tordesillas was to “continue in force and remain firm, stable, and valid forever and ever.” But the successful circumnavigation of the globe in 1522 fundamentally changed the geographical calculus. Portugal got control of all of the lands to the west of the line, including Asia, and Spain received most of the Pacific Ocean. The Treaty of Saragossa (or Zaragoza) provided an antimeridian to the line established by the Treaty of Tordesillas. the territorial line on the Iberian Peninsula between Portugal Pope Julius II finally sanctioned the change in 1506. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. They instead pursued their own agendas regarding the colonization of the Americas. To accommodate them, the Spanish-born pope Alexander VI issued bulls setting up a line of demarcation from pole to pole 100 leagues (about 320 miles) west of the Cape Verde Islands see Cabo Verde. Spain won control of lands discovered west of the line, while Portugal gained rights to new lands to the east. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. What was the line of demarcation?A. Brazilian exploration and settlement far to the west of the line of demarcation in subsequent centuries laid a firm basis for Brazil’s claims to vast areas of the interior of South America. By Tarek Osman (@TarekmOsman) Presenter: The Making of the Modern Arab World. Omissions? Meeting at Tordesillas, in northwestern Spain, Spanish and Portuguese ambassadors reaffirmed the papal division, but the line itself was moved to 370 leagues (1,185 miles) west of the Cape Verde Islands, or about 46°30′ W of Greenwich. Treaty of Tordesillas, (June 7, 1494), agreement between Spain and Portugal aimed at settling conflicts over lands newly discovered or explored by Christopher Columbus and other late 15th-century voyagers. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Map showing the line of demarcation between Spanish and Portuguese territory, as first defined by Pope Alexander VI (1493) and later revised by the Treaty of Tordesillas (1494). Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan had set out under a Spanish flag in an attempt to bolster Spanish claims to the Spice Islands, despite an existing Portuguese presence there. Portugal could claim all non-Christian lands to the east of the line. Alexander VI drew an imaginary line around the world to decide who would control the lands that sailors were exploring. Portugal objected because its status and rights had been omitted and overlooked. Updates? [From, On May 4, 1493, the Spanish-born Pope Alexander VI decreed in the bull. The Treaties of Tordesillas and Saragossa in 1494 and 1529 defined the limits of westward Spanish exploration and the eastern ventures of Portugal. Announcing our NEW encyclopedia for Kids! [From Wikipedia], Lines of demarcation, 1493, 1494, and 1529. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Alexander wished to accommodate the colonial aspirations of the Catholic Monarchs of his native land. The treaty amended papal bulls issued by Pope Alexander VI in 1493.
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