whitman temperance novel

All of the known works of short fiction by Whitman were first published in New York in the 1840s, a decade when the literary marketplace was characterized by what Meredith McGill has called "a culture of reprinting" in which newspapers and magazines regularly borrowed and republished poems, articles, and stories that first appeared in print elsewhere. ed. "Ambition" had previously appeared in the Long Island Democrat as "Fame's Vanity" in 1839. When he republished "Revenge and Requital" as "One Wicked Impulse" in three installments in the Eagle, for instance, he cut the final line, which expressed the anti-capital punishment bent of the story. [back], 4. Omidsalar, Alejandro. Introduction to Periodical Literature in Nineteenth-Century America, 3–15. The publication of the story in the August 1841 issue of the journal seems to mark the beginning of the journal's extended publishing relationship with Whitman and the official start of his fiction-writing career. [back], 5. Loving writes that "Whitman's brother George testified that around the time of the early 1850s, Walt 'had an idea he could lecture. More recent research has also revealed what seem to be previously unknown first printings of Whitman's stories that are available now for the first time as part of the Whitman Archive's digital edition of the fiction. New York: Random House, 1929. v–xxiv. A Tale of the Times . He took part in both the libations and the conversation when he joined his friends of the Bohemian crowd at Pfaff's Broadway restaurant before the Civil War. The number of known short stories that Whitman wrote and published has increased as research in print and digital archives has brought new works of fiction to light. [back], 45. The narrator also claims veracity for the "Fact-Romances," one of which is based on a story told to Whitman by his mother. But Whitman was a moderate drinker. This reference is to the first (1855) edition of Leaves, because it is nearest in date to the initial publication of the short fiction. Lathrop, Rose Hawthorne, ed. 1. And then a message for me comes. Bergman, Herbert, ed. [back], 54. R. "To the Editor of The Boston Morning Post." The temperance movement apparently was successful. The death of children was common in the nineteenth century, and was a common topic of sentimental and temperance literature. All of Whitman's known works of fiction, as well as the five retitled and revised works, first appeared in print between 1841 and 1848. With a few exceptions, Whitman's name is printed either before or after most of these pieces in their respective periodicals. Whitman Making Books / Books Making Whitman. Then more firemen, with a beautiful hose cart, No. For further information about reprints of Whitman's fiction in the Daily Troy Budget, see Whitman's Fiction: A Bibliography. There is no mention of the fireman's race in "The Fireman's Dream," and no evidence seems to suggest that this fireman is black. Accessed 25 October 2020. See Folsom, "Whitman Making Books." Mott, Frank Luther, ed. A number of recent The Democratic Review had already published eight of the nine stories Whitman would place there by March 1844, when The Columbian Lady's and Gentleman's Magazine published "Eris; A Spirit Record," Whitman's first contribution to the magazine. A poetry reprints project is currently underway to investigate the circulation and reprinting of Whitman's poetry during his lifetime. Brasher, Thomas L., ed. Loving also points out Whitman's early connection and frequent letters exchanged with Abraham Leech, a temperance advocate who may have influenced Whitman to write about temperance (71–2). [back], 95. Iowa City: University of Iowa Press, 2014. This is a great thing gained. Whitman himself worked as a schoolteacher not long before he began to publish fiction, and although he disliked teaching, his students reported that he favored progressive, gentle education techniques over corporal punishment.25, The reform movement that most visibly influenced Whitman's fiction was the temperance movement. upon Whitman's temperance novel" I think, rather, that her intrusion shows precisely the degree In addition to this potential television debut, Whitman's fiction has made significant, if sporadic, appearances in print and digital publications. See Daily Troy Budget, "Democratic Review." Whitman's short stories were originally published in approximately twelve newspapers and magazines in New York. The Dollar Newspaper. [back], 2. "7 I think, rather, that her intrusion shows precisely the degree to which this book is not a temperance novel, but a call for intemperance of a different sort: the intemperate power of love. I am that half-grown ^angry boy, fallen asleep, "Memorials of Whitman." "The Merchant's Clerk" was another version of Whitman's temperance novel Franklin Evans; or, The Inebriate. More is at stake in analyzing the cultural products of the Washingtonian phenomenon than Wilson, Ivy, ed. Whitman seems to have started using this practice in earnest in his published poetry sometime during the Civil War period; the number of times "'d" appears jumps from 23 in the 1860–1 edition of Leaves of Grass to 1141 in the 1867 edition. When he republished the story again in Collect, he cut the entire fourth section, which recounts the redemptive involvement of the main character Philip, who has murdered the lawyer Covert, with cholera victims, including Covert's sons. Whitman's early efforts at fiction earned him some notable mentions in reviews of the issues of The Democratic Review in which his fiction was first published. The tales that earned such mention were not always those that Whitman later chose to reprint himself in the Eagle or in the "Pieces in Early Youth" section of Specimen Days & Collect. The first story to be revised and republished in the Eagle was "The Death of Wind-Foot," which was serialized in two parts on August 29 and 30, 1845, about six months before Whitman took over editorship of the paper. [back], 97. In fact, he instigated a new section on the front page of the paper devoted to literary items with his publication of the first installment of "The Half-Breed," a revised version of his lengthy story "Arrow-Tip. 29 (beginning "A glimpse through an Whitman's attitude toward alcohol and temperance apparently relaxed over time. [back], 6. Your email address will not be published. With Walt Whitman in Camden. And in his article "The Temperance Movement" Whitman sharply criticizes the impracticality of "over-zealous" reformers who disdain "half-way measures" and have thus actually brought on a rise in alcohol consumption (49). [back], 31. [back], 43. The history of reprinting offers a connection between past and present, even to the moment of the present edition, published on The Walt Whitman Archive. Allen writes that "On the subject of corporal punishment he became absolutely fanatical" (69). Bergman, Herbert. By the winter of 1842, the Tribune had a circulation of approximately 10,000 daily (Mitchell 9), while the July 8, 1842, issue of the Sun—the issue that included Whitman's story—boasted the likely exaggerated circulation figure of 36,000 on its front page. 1842. honorable to them, that they engage in this temperance movement. Rpt. story might do some good, issued "in the cheap and popular form you see, and wafted by every Although Whitman's name is frequently present and the fiction works are most often attributed to "Walter Whitman," some pieces, like "Death in the School Room" and "A Legend of Life and Love" in The Democratic Review, are signed "W. W." Later, Whitman signed "The Half-Breed"—a revised version of "Arrow-Tip" that was printed in the Brooklyn Daily Eagle in 1846—as simply "A Brooklynite," and reprints of "The Death of Wind-Foot" were sometimes attributed to "W. providing an historical context for a minor, though widely read, genre of writings. As the fireman episode allows the speaker to shift into the voice of a black fireman in "Song of Myself," so in the story fragment the fireman's dream allows the speaker to shift into the voice of a Native American character, speaking to the reader through the dream-like state of the sleeping, wounded, feverish fireman. After this former actor and reformed drunk was found in an alcohol-induced stupor in a whorehouse, Whitman defended the temperance cause—apart from its fallen leader—in a series of articles for the Brooklyn Star. [back], 67. Whitman's own family experiences may have influenced the content of his stories. Warner, Michael. [back], 8. Readers interested in the text of later publications or a complete list of the revisions to the language of the stories (not including punctuation) between the first and last authorized publications should consult Brasher's volume. Although a number of the articles published in this periodical feature initials at the end—often those of the editors, Nathaniel Parker Willis and George Pope Morris—no indication of authorship or attribution appears at the end of "The Love of the Four Students." New York; London: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1920. May 4, 1842. custom among the young men of our city, and the whole conquest is over,—the Jewell, Andrew and Kenneth M. Price. "58 Later, he explained to Traubel that, like Franklin Evans, the short stories served a practical and primarily financial function, declaring, "they supplied me with necessaries—grub, a living." But most of his stories were published in three periodicals: The Democratic Review, The Columbian Lady's and Gentleman's Magazine, and The Aristidean.

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