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toxic reaction to wasp sting

Pawing at the face, swelling, redness, limping, chewing on a paw, or a short burst of vocalizing such as yelping or whining may all be indicators that an insect sting has occurred. Massive envenomation (multiple stings)animals can cause toxicity with the development of life-threatening clinical signs in non-allergic animals. Even a picture can be helpful to your veterinarian if veterinary care is needed. If you are allergic to stinging insects, try calling your pet back from a distance, or have someone who does not have a known bee/wasp allergy, investigate the situation. If evidence of presence or habitation is confirmed or suspected, retreat to a safe location and inspect your pet for stings. Ice can be applied every 4-6 hours for approximately 10 minutes at a time. The best way to prevent stings is to not allow your pet to harass a bee/wasp or its hive/home. A few measures can be taken to improve your pets comfort level more quickly. Bees and wasps are two of the species in the insect order, Hymenoptera. If your pet is persistently sniffing or digging vigorously at the ground it may be worth a quick investigation to ensure that they are not invading the home of a stinging insect. If minor localized symptoms persist beyond a week or become worse than what developed in the initial 24 hours, it is best to check in with your veterinarian to see what their recommendations are or if they feel  the sting (s) should be evaluated. Whenever possible, the best protection is prevention. Try to keep your pet from biting or scratching at the sting site(s) as this could cause further injury or infection. This will help them to develop a treatment plan that is appropriate for the situation and your individual pet. Symptoms to monitor for after massive envenomation include depression, bleeding (blood in urine, feces, vomit), difficulty walking, dilated pupils, seizures, fever, and facial paralysis. We use cookies for our legitimate interests of providing you with personalized content, enabling you to more easily use our website, evaluating use of our website, and assisting with ad reporting functions. Likewise, massive envenomation (multiple stings) can cause toxicity in non-allergic animals. Rarely are these types of insects aggressive when unprovoked, so an insect’s sting is generally a defensive reaction to protect itself or its home. I agree to Pet Poison Helpline's use of cookies on this website. In some cases what is thought to be a bee or wasp sting may be a venomous spider bite. Offer a quiet distraction. Some, such as bumble bees, ground hornets, and yellow jackets, may live in holes in the ground. Wasp venom induces a toxic reaction at the site of the sting. But there’s lots you can do to soothe the pain and avoid an allergic reaction. In animals allergic to Hymenoptera venom, just one sting can cause anaphylaxis (severe life- threatening allergic reaction). A doubled- up paper towel or a thin dish towel works for this and will help avoid injuring the skin by application of cold therapy. These insects are important pollinators that help ensure the world food supply and the continuance of biodiversity. Signs to watch for after even just one sting include: severe skin redness, swelling, hives, difficulty breathing, general weakness, and persistent vomiting. For more detailed information about how we use cookies, please review our. In cases of massive envenomation treatment should be sought immediately regardless of whether symptoms have developed. Systemic reactions occur in other parts of the body. They differ from more severe, systemic, reactions in that they are local to the sting site. 20 stings/kg has been demonstrated to be lethal for mammals. If you see the insect at all try to take note of what it is or take a picture from a safe distance. With a little thought we can take steps to protect our pets, and these essential insects. Stings are often not witnessed. Always insure there is a thin barrier between the ice pack and the skin. If you get stung by a bee, wasp, yellow jacket, hornet, or fire ant, would you know if you had an allergic reaction?. Now is not the time for active play but offering a favorite snack or chew toy (unless there are painful bites to the face), a brushing session, or a quiet leash walk may help your pet to quickly get over their insult and forget the discomfort. As dogs tend to investigate using their noses, the face is a common sting site in dogs. Some pets, just like people, can develop severe systemic (anaphylactic) reactions to insect stings. For a single or few stings, in a pet that is not showing signs of a severe reaction, treatment is not generally needed. Renee DiPietro, CVT Veterinary Information Specialist. This can be done with a gentle scraping motion with a thin but blunt object such as thin cardboard, a credit card, or a plastic butter knife. The location of the sting(s) is an important consideration due to the potential for swelling at the sting site; for example, stings to mouth, face, head, or neck can cause difficulty, and sometimes inability, to breathe. If you are aware of a hive or other home of a stinging insect, options include having the nest removed/relocated by a professional or to restrict your pet from that area to reduce your pet’s risk of exposure. You can also wash the area very gently with mild soap and water and then very gently pat dry. Wasps can sting several times in one episode. A bee sting is usually recognized by a sharp pain and a puncture wound or laceration in the skin. If any of these signs appear it is a good idea to inspect your pet for evidence of an insect sting. A bee can sting only once and dies after the sting. In most cases the clinical signs will be mild to moderate and can include: localized pain, swelling, redness and itching. Those are the insect stings that most often trigger allergies. Local reactions can be normal or large. Ingestion of the pesticide may also be a toxicity risk. And wasp stings are painful. For example, if a dog eats a wasp nest that was recently sprayed with an insecticide to kill the insects, the act of swallowing recently killed wasps can cause stings to the pet’s mouth or throat. Pets, especially dogs as they tend to be curious and nosy, can have harmful interactions with these insects. This website uses cookies. It is important to monitor your pet closely for clinical signs for several hours after a sting. If one or two stings are found this may not be a reason for significant concern, but multiple stings can increase your pet’s risk of developing more serious symptoms. Venom from these insects can cause reactions that can be localized, anaphylactic, and/or in the case of massive envenomation, toxic. Avoid gripping the stinger in any way as this could promote injection of more venom into the sting site or possibly into your own fingers or hand. Depending on the type of reaction your dog is having (localized, severe swelling, anaphylactic, toxic), and the severity of the clinical signs, the veterinarian will prescribe and administer treatments and supportive therapies that could include: For more information regarding Bee and wasp stings contact your veterinarian as they know your pet’s health status best and can give the best information regarding any health threat that may be encountered in your specific geographic area. It is in our best interest to preserve them and treat them with respect. Typical reactions to wasp stings include swelling and redness at the site. Large local reactions are due to allergy and occur in up to 25% of the population and as many as 3.5% develop IgE-mediated, potentially life-threatening anaphylaxis.

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