st clare of assisi facts

The reason for this was the fact that she could supposedly hear and see Mass on the walls of her room. She was the eldest daughter in an affluent, landowning Umbrian family that had links to the Roman nobility of the past. Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Shortly afterward one of Frederick's generals laid siege to Assisi itself for many days. Saint Clare, Virgin, Foundress of the Poor Clares. Her father, Favorino, was a wealthy man who owned several castles and palaces. Clare lived during a tumultuous period in Italian history, and in 1234 San Damiano's walls were transgressed by soldiers in the army of the Holy Roman emperor, Frederick II. As a little girl she was known by members of her household to be a sensitive child, gentle, prayerful and kind. (October 16, 2020). The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. She resisted valiantly when they tried to drag her away, clinging to the convent altar so firmly as to pull the cloths half off. Copyright 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved. On Palm Sunday of that year, 1212, she came to the cathedral of Assisi for the blessing of palms, but when the others went up to the altar-rails to receive their branch of green, a sudden shyness kept Clare back. All materials contained on this site, whether written, audible or visual are the exclusive property of Catholic Online and are protected under U.S. and International copyright laws, © Copyright 2020 Catholic Online. Clare was canonized two years later by Pope Alexander IV. At the age of 18, she first heard friar Francis preach at the San Giorgio church. Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume IV, Robert Appleton Company, 1908, Online Edition, 2002. Francis or the bishop of Assisi sometimes had to command her to lie on a mattress and to take a little nourishment every day. The emblem of St. Clare is a monstrance, and in art she is frequently represented with a ciborium. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates. Yes, I'd like to receive Word of the Day emails from Nevertheless, it was approved by Pope Honorius III that year; after several years of her entreaties, Clare won her case. Tradition says her father was a wealthy representative of an ancient Roman family and her mother was a very devout woman belonging to the noble family of Fiumi. A noble by birth, Ado renounced his inheritance and became a Benedictine, in time assigned to the monastery of Prum, near Trier, Germany. absolute poverty—instead allowing for the possession of common property—and Clare objected to this; the Clares were a cloistered order, and Ugolino believed it impractical that the women should go begging. Her father is said to have been Favorino Scifi, Count of Sasso-Rosso, though whether he came of that noble branch of the Scifi family is not certain. She then moved to the San Angelo convent in Panzo. One of these was Addai, who became Addal's successor. Whereupon she heard a voice like the voice of a little child saying, "I will have them always in My care." Legendary accounts claim Abgar wrote to Christ asking Jesus to cure him of an intolerable and incurable illness. Clare was born Chiara Offreduccio di Favaronne in Assisi, a hillside town in central Italy, in July of 1194. "The foundress recommended this holy silence as the means to avoid innumerable sins of the tongue," noted Butler's Lives of the Saints, "and to preserve the mind always recollected in God and free from the dissipation of the world which, without this guard, penetrates even the walls of cloisters. St. Clare of Assisi was born in Assisi on July 16, 1194, as Chiara Offreduccio, the beautiful eldest daughter of Favorino Sciffi, Count of Sasso-Rosso and his wife Ortolana. Because of this story, Clare is sometimes depicted holding this object in artistic representations. Butler's Lives of the Patron Saints, edited and with additional material by Michael Walsh, Harper & Row, 1987. This was a radical proposition for religious communities in the early Middle Ages, for many possessed large estates that they farmed to survive; others took in students or made crafts that they then sold for subsistence; the Franciscan tenet believed that such work distracted them from fulfilling their religious vocation, to serve God. When it was known at home what Clare had done, relatives and friends came to rescue her. The Poor Clares were founded in 1212 in Assisi, Italy, when St Francis received St Clare as a follower of his way of life. In 1244, Emperor Frederick II, then at war with the Pope, was ravaging the valley of Spoleto, which was part of the patrimony of the Holy See. ." Pope Gregory IX proposed to mitigate the requirement of absolute poverty and offered to settle a yearly income on the Poor Ladies of St. Damien. Later he placed them in a small and humble house, adjacent to his beloved church of St. Damian, on the outskirts of Assisi, and in 1215, when Clare was about twenty-two, he appointed her superior and gave her his rule to live by. She was eighteen years old when St. Francis, preaching the Lenten sermons at the church of St. George in Assisi, influenced her to change the whole course of her life. Celebration of Feast Day is August 12th by the pre-1970 liturgical calendar and August 11th (the actual date of her death) by the present one. She was a revered figure in Assisi, and reports that she was near death caused Pope Innocent IV to visit her on her deathbed. She is credited as the founder of the “Order of Poor Ladies” and also wrote their ‘Rule of Life.’ She was born in Assisi, into the family of a rich representative of a Roman family. She was initially buried in the San Giorgio church. Her mother, Ortolana, was a woman of noble origins. Her feast day is celebrated August 12, and some 750 years after her death, there are roughly 20,000 members of her Poor Clares order in 76 countries. "I need," she said, "to be absolved from my sins, but I do not wish to be absolved from my obligation to follow Jesus Christ." St. Clare of Assisi. The Poor Clares did not sleep on mattresses, rather on homely beds fashioned from twig and hemp and went barefoot at all times. Clare’s mother, Ortolana, joined the convent after her husband’s death. In 1255, Pope Alexander IV officially declared her a saint. Your Catholic Voice Foundation has been granted a recognition of tax exemption under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code. Her father is said to have been Favorino Scifi, Count of Sasso-Rosso, though whether he came of that noble branch of the Scifi family is not certain. The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. The Pope would have had her canonized immediately had not the cardinals present advised against it. They read aloud the Passion according to St. John, as they had read it at the death-bed of Francis twenty-seven years before. Matthias, Saint Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. They still live by the rule that she wrote, which stated that they live only by charity. Clare of Assisi (1194-1253) was one of the most influential women in the early medieval period of Roman Catholic church history. Matthias, St an Apostle, chosen by lot after the Ascension to replace Judas. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list. It followed a verse from the Gospel of Matthew, which counseled, according to Butler's Lives of the Saints, "Freely have you received, freely give… . Saint of the Day for Monday, Oct 26th, 2020. Tradition says her father was a wealthy representative of an ancient Roman family and her mother was a very devout woman belonging to the noble family of Fiumi. Blessed be thou, O God, for having created me.". St Sebastian (late 3rd century), Roman martyr. Go forth without fear, for He that created you has sanctified you, has always protected you, and loves you as a mother. Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. They begged for food, never ate meat, and refrained from all unnecessary speech. Saint Maximus, c.580–662, Greek theologian. . Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites: In 1228, therefore, two years after Francis' death, the Pope granted the Assisi sisterhood a Privilegium paupertatis, or Privilege of Poverty, that they might not be constrained by anyone to accept possessions. People will see it as Author Name with your public flash cards. With St Francis she founded the order of Poor Ladies of San Damiano (‘Poor Clares’), of which she was abbess. By 1216, Clare became the official leader of the convent. Nature of Sainthood . St. Clare of Assisi was born in Assisi on July 16, 1194, as Chiara Offreduccio, the beautiful eldest daughter of Favorino Sciffi, Count of Sasso-Rosso and his wife Ortolana. EWTN | 5817 Old Leeds Rd. Chiara Offreduccio was born on July 16, 1194, in the town of Assisi, Italy. It is likely that a marriage not to her liking had been proposed; at any rate, she went secretly to see Friar Francis and asked him to help her to live "after the manner of the Holy Gospel." ELIZABETH KNOWLES "Clare of Assisi, St As a young girl, Clare dedicated herself to prayer. In 1804 a change was made in the rule of the Poor Clares, originally a contemplative order, permitting these religious to take part in active work. He employed many Saracens in his army, and a troop of these infidels came in a body to plunder Assisi. The brothers were to subsist on daily contributions from the people about them. The Great Saint Bernard (alt. Go forth without fear, for He that created you has sanctified you, has always protected you, and loves you as a mother.". ." Learn about St. Clare of Assisi the patron saint of those with eye disease, embroiderers, laundry workers, needle workers, telephones, and television. The power and efficacy of her prayers are illustrated by a story told by Thomas of Celano, a contemporary. His Franciscan order, founded in 1209, was the first mendicant, or beggar, order in Europe, created in what was then a radical attempt to follow Christ's teachings. Matthias, St Some communities are known as "urbanist," after an allowance by Pope Urban IV in 1263 that allowed some of them to possess land if they so chose. She was the eldest child in the family. Copyright © 2020 Eternal Word Television Network, Inc. Irondale, Alabama. Addal cured Abgar and converted the king and his people to the faith. The convents in Perugia and Florence asked for and received this privilege; other convents thought it more prudent to moderate their poverty. The following evening she slipped away from her home and hurried through the woods to the chapel of the Portiuncula, where Francis was then living with his small community. According to legend he was a soldier who was shot by archers on the orders of Diocletian,…, Matthias, St Terms of Use Francis had her removed to the nunnery of Sant' Angelo di Panzo, where her sister Agnes, a child of fourteen, joined her. Discretion, came with years, and much later Clare wrote this sound advice to Agnes of Bohemia: "Since our bodies are not of brass and our strength is not the strength of stone, but instead we are weak and subject to corporal infirmities, I implore you vehemently in the Lord to refrain from the exceeding rigor of abstinence which I know you practice, so that living and hoping in the Lord you may offer Him a reasonable service and a sacrifice seasoned with the salt of prudence.". Thank you. St. Clare’s name means “clear” and “bright,” which is why she has been dedicated as the patron saint of those with eye disease and blindness.

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