See also BILLING CYCLE. A billing procedure that provides for the billing of a portion of customers each working day so that all customers are billed within a predetermined period, such as one month, two months, etc. Another new product QuasiModo (small) burst-mode laser system is available for particle-image velocimetry. Approximately how many miles (or kilometres) are there in a light-year? Please contact us for your energy needs. The software also enables an analysis of the data to plan production, forecast sales and analyze quality. Small, discreet, rechargeable, and weighing only 1/2lb, the 9Plus is full of unique features that make pumping a more natural part of the nursing process. These terms may be used interchangeably to refer to a unit in which two or more entities share ownership. In futures trading, to close out a short futures position. Conjunctive billing is sometimes referred to as Combined Billing. In residential customer load, the more degree days in a year than the "average," the higher the utility bill. Among the factors considered in determining depreciation are wear and tear, decay, action of the elements, inadequacy, obsolescence, changes in the technology, changes in demand, requirements of public authorities and salvage value. A 24-hour period of demand which is used as a basis for planning capacity requirements. A study designed to determine the cost of providing service to various classes of customers; used as a basis for establishing various electric and gas service rates. The practice of charging rates higher than the actual cost of service to one class of customers in order to charge lower rates to another class of customers. A subset of operation and maintenance expenses that are part of a utility company's cost of service (e.g., salaries, office supplies and expenses, outside services, injuries and damages). Cosmic rays are high-energy protons and atomic nuclei which move through space at nearly the speed of light.They originate from the sun, from outside of the solar system, and from distant galaxies. A measure of the coldness of the weather experienced, based on the extent to which the daily mean temperature falls below a reference temperature, usually 65ø F. For example, on a day when the mean outdoor dry-bulb temperature is 35ø F, there would be 30 degree days experienced. Mains, service connections and equipment that carry or control the supply of natural gas from the point of local supply to and including the sales meters. A procedure in which common or joint costs are apportioned among customers or classes of customers. Procedure in which shippers are allowed to resolve imbalances by cash payments, in contrast to making up imbalances with gas volumes in-kind. Study of the flash spectrum gives information about the physical state of the solar chromosphere. Also called SHRINKAGE. A "paper transport" of natural gas by displacement against the flow on a single pipeline, so that the natural gas is redelivered upstream of its point of receipt. Also referred to as a hedge ratio because the value of Delta represents the ratio of options contracts to underlying instrument contracts required to establish a neutral option hedge. The assignment of rights to receive firm gas transportation service. Generally, co-ops are self-regulated by an elected board of directors. [This entry does not exist]. The assignment, allocation or release of firm gas transportation rights to another party authorized under Order No. Under Order No. Our sleekest model in the Spectra line-up, the 9Plus was designed for busy moms seeking portability and performance. One who actually consumes energy, as opposed to one who sells or re-sells it. Equal access to all natural gas pipeline transportation services, including storage and gathering, regardless of whether the customer purchases gas from the pipeline or from a third party. Also called acid precipitation or acid deposition, acid rain is precipitation containing harmful amounts of nitric and sulfuric acids formed primarily by nitrogen oxides and sulfur oxides released into the atmosphere when fossil fuels are burned. Energy sources include coal, petroleum and petroleum products, gas, water, uranium, wind, sunlight, geothermal and other sources. The maximum amount of natural gas that can be produced, transported, stored, distributed or utilized in a given period of time under design conditions. Spectral Energies’ state-of-the-art burst-mode Master Oscillator Power Amplifier (MOPA) lasers can directly replace 10-Hz Nd:YAG lasers for use in kHz to MHz rate 2-D and 3-D fluorescence, Raman, velocity, and particle incandescence imaging. Buyer that can purchase natural gas from only one supplier, with no access to alternate fuel sources. Interstate oil pipelines are common carriers, but interstate natural gas pipelines are not. The costs directly related to serving a customer, regardless of sales volume, such as meter reading, billing and fixed charges for the minimum investment required to serve a customer. A decrease in the exercise price has the same effect as an increase in the current price of the underlying asset. The account that includes the total of the balances of work orders for work in process of construction. Energy Information Administration. The degree to which consumer demand for a product responds to changes in price, availability or other factors. Historically, a sale of natural gas to an end user, as opposed to a "sale for resale." An agency of the Federal government which, among other things, is the chief federal statistical service for energy information. A futures contract provision by which the physical product is delivered from one market participant to another, with a simultaneous assumption of equal and opposite futures positions between the two participants. After many years of utilizing and developing advanced laser diagnostics, Spectral Energies now offers several commercial products that are ready for installation in laboratories dedicated to research in thermal-fluids, propulsion, combustion, chemical engineering, plasma science, and materials science. Those costs that are allocated on the basis of actual use of service. See CLASS OF SERVICE. Hydrocarbons, existing as vapor in natural gas reservoirs, that condense to liquids as their temperature and pressure decrease when natural gas is produced. The maximum lawful price that could be charged for the first sale of a specified NGPA category of natural gas, pre-1993. Contact us today to determine which system is right for your unique research needs. The portion of an historical streamflow record that would produce the least amount of energy. Revenue from the sale of natural gas to a class of service, exclusive of penalties and forfeited discounts, divided by the corresponding number of units sold. Location at which natural gas ownership passes from one party to another, neither of which is the ultimate consumer; the point at which interstate and intrastate pipelines sell and deliver natural gas to local distribution companies. Core processes across an organization, from sales and marketing to service and support, in the field, on the phone and over the Web, that enable a company to connect with customers. Equalizing the volumes of gas withdrawn from a pipeline system with the volumes of gas injected into the pipeline. Certificate of Public Convenience and Necessity. The ability of any user such as an industrial facility to use more than one fuel, whether or not the facilities for such use have actually been installed. Natural gas that is received from, or delivered to, another party in exchange for natural gas delivered to, or received from, that other party. May also refer to a similar permit issued by a state commission to a gas utility. Two-leg burst-mode laser system is the brand new in SE product line that concurrently generates two laser beams with different wavelengths at kHz rate. Also, the practical output from a gas storage reservoir. Local property taxes are often ad valorem taxes. Measurement of gas flow using electronic equipment that typically records data continuously and may transmit that data to a central operations location. Compare UPSTREAM PIPELINE. 2 and No. This term is primarily used in pipeline-distribution company agreements. Abandoned Well.
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