Its statutes must promote a broad development of internal democracy as well as broad popular support for the various institutions of the Republic". It is the political organization of the working people of town and country under the leadership of the working class and its. Known as the Communist Party of Yugoslavia until 1952. The USSR's highest mountain, at 7,496 metres, was Communism Peak (now known as Ismail Samani Peak, in Tajikistan). Chapter 1, Article 1: "Its [the country's] basic objective is the realization of one Arab State and the build-up of the socialist system". The Soviet Union (Советский Союз, in Russian, also known in English as the USSR) was a country which existed in eastern Europe and northern Asia between 1922 and 1991. The USSR's currency was called the Soviet Ruble. There are multiple states with communist or socialist parties leading the government, sometimes together. The political system was thus authoritarian and highly centralized, and this also applied to the economic system. Self-identification is the only criterion used by the list, therefore it includes all countries that have claimed to be socialist, even if their claims are disputed. Known as the Albanian Communist Party until 1948. Section 1, Article 5: "Liberty, justice, respect for the dignity of the human person, political and social pluralism, the recognition of the distinct identity of the indigenous peoples and those of African descent within the framework of a unitary and indivisible state, the recognition of different forms of property, free international cooperation and respect for the free self-determination of peoples, Christian values, socialist ideals, and practices based on solidarity, and the values and ideals of the Nicaraguan culture and identity, are the principles of the Nicaraguan nation. Van Maarseveen, Henc; Van Der Tanq, Ger (21 November 1978). Known as the Russian Social Democratic Labor Party (Bolsheviks) until March 1918, the Russian Communist Party (Bolsheviks) until December 1925 and the All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks) until October 1952. Preamble: "The Popular National Assembly congratulates the PAIGC for the vanguard role it has always performed in conducting the fates of the Guinea nation, and congratulates itself for the courageous and timely decision that the Party of Amilcar Cabral took by overcoming the challenge of democratic opening, towards the construction of aplural, just and free society. Section 2, Article 9: "The Democratic Republic of Vietnam is advancing step by step from people's democracy to socialism by developing and transforming the national economy along socialist lines, transforming its backward economy into a socialist economy with modern industry and agriculture and an advanced science and technology". The USSR was officially an Atheist country but many people continued to practice their Christian (mostly Russian Orthodox) and Muslim faiths. In particular, there are numerous cases of social democratic and democratic socialist parties winning elections in liberal democratic states and ruling for a number of terms until a different party wins the elections. Updates? Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Preamble: "The Democratic People's Republic of Korea is the socialist motherland of. Preamble: "We, the people of India, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a Sovereign Socialist Secular Democratic Republic and to secure to all its citizens". harvnb error: no target: CITEREFHunt2005 (, socialist states espousing Marxism–Leninism, socialist states not espousing Marxism–Leninism, Rebel Zapatista Autonomous Municipalities, Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria, Socialism in liberal democratic constitutions, Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola, People's Revolutionary Party of Kampuchea, Provisional Military Government of Socialist Ethiopia, Commission for Organizing the Party of the Working People of Ethiopia, Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, African Party for the Independence of Cape Verde, 1973 Equatorial Guinean constitutional referendum, Democratic Party of Guinea – African Democratic Rally, Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Sudanese Union – African Democratic Rally, Soviet Republic of Soldiers and Fortress-Builders of Naissaar, Lithuanian–Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic, People's Revolutionary Government of the Republic of China, Political Committee of National Liberation, Provisional People's Committee for North Korea, Provisional Democratic Government of North Greece, People's Provisional Government of Vanuatu, People's Revolutionary Republic of Guinea, Coalition Government of Democratic Kampuchea, Provisional Government of National Union and National Salvation of Cambodia, People's Movement for the Liberation of Angola, Party of Socialists of the Republic of Moldova, Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party – Syria Region, Revolutionary Front for an Independent East Timor, People's Democratic Republic of Burkina Faso, Organization for Popular Democracy – Labour Movement, Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front, Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist), Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova, International recognition of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, Constitution of the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, Constitution of the People's Republic of Bangladesh, "2007 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Eritrea", Constitution of the Republic of Guinea-Bissau, Constitution of the Cooperative Republic of Guyana, Constitution of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Socialist Constitution of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, "The Constitution (Forty-second Amendment) Act, 1976", Constitution of the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, Constitution of the Republic of Nicaragua, "Texto De La Constitución Política De La República De Nicaragua Con Sus Reformas Incorporadas", National Assembly of the Republic of Nicaragua, Constitution of Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, Constitution of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, Constitution of the United Republic of Tanzania, "Christiania: Copenhagen's Threatened Socialist Community", "Myanmar: No sign of lasting peace in Wa State", "Two decades on: A glimpse inside the Zapatista's capital, Oventic", Constitution of the Republic of Afghanistan, Constitution of the People's Socialist Republic of Albania, Constitution of the People's Republic of Angola, Constitution of the Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic, Constitution of the People's Republic of Bulgaria, Constitution of the People's Republic of Kampuchea, Constitution of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, Constitution of the German Democratic Republic, "The Manifesto of the New Jewel Movement", Constitution of the Hungarian People's Republic, "The Constitution of North Korea: Its Changes and Implications", Constitution of the Mongolian People's Republic, Constitution of the People's Republic of Poland, Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Romania, Constitution of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, "Walter Duranty Explains Changes In Soviet Constitution", Constitution of the Somali Democratic Republic, Constitution of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, Constitution of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, Constitution of the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen, Constitution of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Constitution of the Socialist Republic of the Union of Burma, Constitution of the Republic of Equatorial Guineaa, Constitution of the Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, "Madagascar: 1975 Constitutional referendum", "Insoumission civile et défaillance étatique : les contradictions du processus démocratique malien", Constitution of the Democratic Republic of the Sudan, "Central America and Caribbean: Nicaragua – Government", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_socialist_states&oldid=985034590, Articles with dead external links from January 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Section 1, Article 1: "Guyana is an indivisible, secular, democratic sovereign state in the course of transition from capitalism to socialism and shall be known as the Co-operative Republic of Guyana". The role of the soviets in the individual republics and other territories was primarily to put into effect the decisions made by the Supreme Soviet of the U.S.S.R. It ensures within it the democratic debate between the various social, cultural, economic and regional components of the national community as well as their equitable representation, their free expression and right of proposal. Mao Zedong and the Chinese Communist Party considered the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom to be a proto-communist state, although the kingdom never declared itself socialist, hence it is not included on this list.. Preamble: "Further pledging that it shall be a fundamental aim of the State to realise through the democratic process, a socialist society free from exploitation, a society in which the rule of law, fundamental human rights and freedoms, equality and justice, political, economic and social, will be secured for all citizens". Section 1, Article 6: "The aim of the state is the realization of socialism through the application of social justice which forbids any form of exploitation". Soviet Union–United States summits were held from 1943 to 1991. The Congress of People’s Deputies elected a new Supreme Soviet of 542 members and also chose the chairman of that body, who was to be the executive president of the U.S.S.R. Congresses of People’s Deputies were also established in each republic. Other common languages included Ukrainian, Georgian, Kazakh, Armenian and Azerbaijani. The Soviet Union was the first state to be based on Marxist socialism (see also Marxism; communism). Chapter 1, Article 9: "The popular will is expressed through the democratically organized State Party. Other big cities in the USSR were St. Petersburg, Kiev and Minsk. The People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan was a Marxist–Leninist party.. Certain other countries such as Croatia, Hungary, Myanmar and Poland have constitutions that make references to their communist and socialist past by recognizing or condemning it, but without claiming to be socialist in the present.
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