The Kashi Vishwanath Temple was destroyed by the army of Qutb-ud-din Aibak. Sources indicate that part of the reason for the removal was the military reversals suffered by Leo against Muslim forces and the eruption of the volcanic island of Thera, which Leo came to see as evidence of the wrath of God in reaction against Christian idolatry. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'newworldencyclopedia_org-medrectangle-4','ezslot_2',162,'0','0'])); In common parlance, an iconoclast is a person who challenges cherished beliefs or traditional institutions as being based on error or superstition. There has been much controversy within Islam over the recent and apparently on-going destruction of historic sites by Saudi Arabian authorities, prompted by the fear they could become the subject of "idolatry.". This is particularly the case in conflicts between strict Sunni sects such as Wahhabism and the Shiite tradition, which allows for the depiction and veneration of Muslim saints. "The Muhammadan Period." For I am convinced that it is God's will that we should hear and learn what He has done, especially what Christ suffered. eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'newworldencyclopedia_org-box-4','ezslot_1',170,'0','0'])); The greatest iconoclast in biblical history was King Josiah of Judah (late seventh century B.C.E. In the modern and contemporary periods, certain Muslim denominations continue to pursue iconoclastic agendas aimed at fellow Muslims. " Lutheran churches retained ornate church interiors with a prominent crucifix, reflecting their high view of the real presence of Christ in Eucharist. In this respect, Moses and Akhenaten became, after all, closely related. For example, an individual who bravely challenges popular groupthink may be labelled an iconoclast. , Some episodes of iconoclasm were carried out spontaneously by crowds of citizens, including the destruction of statues of kings during the insurrection of 10 August 1792 in Paris.  The temple was first raided in 725, when Junayad, the governor of Sind, sent his armies to destroy it. King, "Islam, iconoclasm, and the declaration of doctrine,", Art, Music, Literature, Sports and leisure. 70 prononciations de iconoclasm en anglais. Flood, analysis of the Taliban's statements regarding the Buddhas suggest that their destruction was motivated more by political than by theological concerns. This may also be known as damnatio memoriae, the ancient Roman practice of official obliteration of the memory of a specific individual. Leo retaliated by seizing certain lands under the pope's jurisdiction. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'newworldencyclopedia_org-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_4',167,'0','0']));eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'newworldencyclopedia_org-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_5',167,'0','1']));eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'newworldencyclopedia_org-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_6',167,'0','2'])); Michael was succeeded by his son, Theophilus, who, when he died, left his wife Theodora regent for his minor heir, Michael III. Most Christians under Muslim rule, for example, continued to produce icons and to decorate their churches as they wished.  The Buddhas had twice in the past been attacked by Nadir Shah and Aurengzeb. The recent examples of ‘iconoclasm’ included in the Tate exhibition are timid by comparison. Local protestors feel their democratic views have been brushed aside by a council more attentive to the commercial interests of the developers. School visits to museums are vital – so let’s hope they can restart soon. The fall of Communism in 1989-1991 was also followed by the destruction or removal of statues of Vladimir Lenin and other Communist leaders in the former Soviet Union and in other Eastern Bloc countries. Since that time, the first Sunday of Lent is celebrated in the churches of the Orthodox tradition as the feast of the "Triumph of Orthodoxy.". This followed the events at the 2017 Unite the Right rally in response to growing calls to remove Confederate monuments and memorials across the U.S., During the George Floyd protests of 2020, demonstrators pulled down dozens of statues which they considered symbols of the Confederacy, slavery, segregation, or racism, including the statue of Williams Carter Wickham in Richmond, Virginia, and the statue of Edward Colston in Bristol in England. The term originates from the Byzantine Iconoclasm, the struggles between proponents and opponents of religious icons in the Byzantine Empire from 726 to 842 AD. But it is worth remembering that these conflicts are very much alive today, wherever art is publicly displayed. The Syrian-born, US-based artist talks to Gabrielle Schwarz about his sculptural dioramas of cities ravaged by war – and offers a message of hope for the future, Plus: Baltimore Museum of Art board chair defends deaccessioning sales, and more recent stories, The Brooklyn Museum is to sell another round of works from its collection, and more recent stories, Plus: Nancy Spector resigns from the Guggenheim; and more recent stories, This much-anticipated exhibition does justice to the restless creativity of Artemisia Gentileschi in her many guises, Radical collectives in the 1970s were keen to make documentary photography more democratic.
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