Observations of 107 aggregations over two seasons in New York state revealed two male mating strategies: postemergence copulation on the tree surface and preemergence insemination accomplished by male abdominal insertion into the female emergence hole. 7. Bulletin - United States National Museum. Sybil discovered this five inch long ichneumon wasp, Goosepond Mountain Created Wetlands, 19 April 2009, Goosepond Mountain Created Wetlands, 18 April 2009. Trogiis vulpinus Gravenhorst. PubMed Google Scholar. Male wasps of three sympatric species of Nearctic Megarhyssa (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) typically form mixed-species (61.7%) aggregations composed of up to 28 males over sites of female emergence. Owen S. Crankshaw. Please note that these images are extracted from scanned page images that may have been digitally enhanced for readability - coloration and appearance of these illustrations may not perfectly resemble the original work.. United States National Museum; Smithsonian Institu, https://www.alamy.com/bulletin-united-states-national-museum-science-614-u-s-national-museum-bulletin-216-a-c-d-f-g-figure-318head-and-torso-species-of-rhyssella-9-a-b-and-megarhyssa-9-c-g-a-r-nitida-d-m-greenei-greenei-f-m-macrurus-lunator-b-r-humida-e-m-atrata-atrata-g-m-macrurus-icterosticta-c-m-nortoni-nortoni-please-note-that-these-images-are-extracted-from-scanned-page-images-that-may-have-been-digitally-enhanced-for-readability-coloration-and-appearance-of-these-illustrations-may-not-perfectly-resemble-the-original-work-united-states-national-museum-smithsonian-institu-image233723769.html, https://www.alamy.com/stock-photo-the-female-giant-ichneumon-wasp-megarhyssa-atrata-has-the-longest-54094647.html, https://www.alamy.com/stock-photo-a-female-giant-ichneumon-wasp-megarhyssa-atrata-withdraws-her-ovipositor-54094616.html. Entomol News 32:241, Dawkins R (1980) Good strategy or evolutionarily stable strategy? Can Entomol 99:685–689, Thornhill R (1976) Sexual selection and paternal investment in insects. Academic Press, New York, pp 123–166, Stillwell MA (1967) The pigeon tremex, Tremex columba (Hymenoptera: Siricidae), in New Brunswick. Handcoloured steel engraving by Pedretti after an illustration by A. Carie Baron from Felix-Edouard Guerin-Meneville's Dictionnaire Pittoresque d'Histoire Naturelle (Picturesque Dictionary of Natural History), Paris, 1834-39. https://www.alamy.com/ichneumon-parasitic-wasps-ichneumon-persuarsorius-1-megarhyssa-atrata-2-egyptian-mongoose-herpestes-ichneumon-3-ichneumons-insectes-ichneumon-mammiferes-handcoloured-steel-engraving-by-pedretti-after-an-illustration-by-a-carie-baron-from-felix-edouard-guerin-menevilles-dictionnaire-pittoresque-dhistoire-naturelle-picturesque-dictionary-of-natural-history-paris-1834-39-image273788842.html, Giant Ichneumon (Megarhyssa atrata) depositing eggs in a tree, https://www.alamy.com/stock-photo-giant-ichneumon-megarhyssa-atrata-depositing-eggs-in-a-tree-24706039.html. (male). (Hymen. Am Nat 110:153–163, Townes HK, Townes M, (1960) Ichneumon-flies of American north of Mexico: 2. 2. Z Tierpsychol 19:652–664, Heatwole H, Davis DM, Wenner AM (1964) Detection of mates and hosts by parasitic insects of the genus Megarhyssa (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae). Panisciis geminatus Say. Crabronid wasps, like the Cicada Killer we discussed last week, also have dual-purpose venom. Ophion (Allocamptus) macriiriis Linn. Correspondence to Am Nat 114:719–741, Harrington WH (1882) Long-stings. (female). : Ichneumonoidea). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology Sitemap. The female giant ichneumon wasp (Megarhyssa atrata) has the longest ovipositor of any wasp. So, how does the giant ichneumonid find the horntail larvae tunneling deep in the dead wood? Megarhyssa macrurus ( Linnaeus , 1771) It is a parasitoid , notable for its extremely long ovipositor which it uses to deposit an egg into a tunnel in dead wood bored by its host , the larva of a similarly large species of horntail . 6. (Pimpla) Pimplidea marginata (Prov.). Black Long-sting, (Thalessa) Megarhyssa atrata (Fabr.) 11. Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. https://www.alamy.com/stock-photo-a-male-giant-ichneumon-wasp-megarhyssa-atrata-perches-on-the-side-134435661.html, Ichneumon wasps, Megarhyssa macrurus lunator and Megarhyssa atrata lineata, https://www.alamy.com/ichneumon-wasps-megarhyssa-macrurus-lunator-and-megarhyssa-atrata-image155360477.html. NZ Entomol 5:112–117, Parker GA (1978) Sexual selection and sexual conflict. Alamy and its logo are trademarks of Alamy Ltd. and are registered in certain countries. Sexual behavior among parasitic Megarhyssa wasps (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae). © 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. Science. Copyright complaints ~ Handcoloured steel engraving by Pedretti after an illustration by A. Carie Baron from Felix-Edouard Guerin-Meneville's Dictionnaire Pittoresque d'Histoire Naturelle (Picturesque Dictionary of Natural History), Paris, 1834-39. https://www.alamy.com/ichneumon-parasitic-wasps-ichneumon-persuarsorius-1-megarhyssa-atrata-2-egyptian-mongoose-herpestes-ichneumon-3-ichneumons-insectes-ichneumon-mammiferes-handcoloured-steel-engraving-by-pedretti-after-an-illustration-by-a-carie-baron-from-felix-edouard-guerin-menevilles-dictionnaire-pittoresque-dhistoire-naturelle-picturesque-dictionary-of-natural-history-paris-1834-39-image359076124.html. All natural size. Ichneumons (insectes), Ichneumon (mammiferes). Lunate Long-sting, (Thalessa) Megarhyssa lunator (Fabr.) 5. Bulletin - State Geological and Natural History Survey of Connecticut . Pelecinus polyturator Drury (female). Female giant ichneumon wasps in the genus Megarhyssa may look menacing, wielding a whip-like “tail” that can exceed their own body length, but they cannot sting and in fact are quite shy, easily startled by sudden movements. Westview Press. 3b. Part of Springer Nature. Ecology 46:140–150, Lintner JA (1883) The black long sting. Meniscus superbus Prov. Male-male aggression in aggregations was not apparent, though jostling occurred during the insertion period and during postemergence copulation attempts. Insemination as a result of preemergence insertion had a success rate of 83% while postemergence copulation attempts were successful 30% of the time (average duration 61.9 s). Observations of 107 aggregations over two seasons in New York state revealed two male mating strategies: postemergence copulation on the tree surface and preemergence insemination … This subspecies occurs in the Canadian zone and in some cooler parts of the Transition zone.. PLATE IX. 9. Am Midl Nat 71:374–381, Heatwole H, Davis DM (1965) Ecology of three sympatric species of parasitic insects of the genus Megarhyssa (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae). Science 198:215–223, Gade G (1834) Bull Brooklyn Entomol Soc 7:103–104, Gibbons JRH (1979) A model for sympatric speciation in Megarhyssa (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae): competitive speciation. 10. 1, p. 436; 9 • Typ, https://www.alamy.com/bulletin-united-states-national-museum-science-ichneumon-flies-part-2-ephialtinae-427-wood-dickinson-co-mich-and-august-21-and-26-at-bemus-point-n-y-two-of-the-above-females-were-reared-from-tremex-columba-in-acer-rubrum-at-bar-harbor-maine-by-a-e-brower-this-subspecies-occurs-in-the-canadian-zone-and-in-some-cooler-parts-of-the-transition-zone-figures-189-190localities-189-left-megarhyssa-at-rata-lineata-190-right-m-a-atrata-3b-megarhyssa-atrala-atrala-fabricius-figure-318e-ichneumon-atratus-fabricius-1781-species-insectorum-vol-1-p-436-9-typ-image233696036.html. Terms and conditions ~ Ichneumon parasitic wasps, Ichneumon persuarsorius 1, Megarhyssa atrata 2, Egyptian mongoose, Herpestes ichneumon 3. 1. Back to Google I went to determine Megarhyssa macrurus (the name means “giant wasp with a long tail”) is an Ichneumon, one of the world’s more than 100,000 species of parasitic wasps. It is a pity that people are often so alarmed by these insects, as they have an extraordinary life cycle. Crankshaw, O.S., Matthews, R.W. Zool J Linn Soc 64:293–326, Champlain AB (1921) The curious mating habit of Megarhyssa atrata (Fab.) Plate IX. Learn more about Institutional subscriptions, Alcock J, Barrows EM, Gordh G, Hubbard LJ, Kirkendall L, Pyle DW, Ponder TL, Zalom FG (1978) The ecology and evolution of male reproductive behaviour in the bees and wasps.
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