The Agincourt Carol, dating from around this time and possibly written for Henry’s reception in London, is a rousing celebration of the might of the English. When the French rejected Henry’s substantial territorial demands, he arrived in Normandy in August 1415 with a force of about 12,000 men and laid siege to the city of Harfleur. This was an innovative technique that the English had not used in the Battles of Crécy and Poitiers. The struggle began in 1337 when King Edward III of England claimed the title “King of France” over Philip VI and invaded Flanders. On October 25, 1415, during the Hundred Years’ War (1337-1453) between England and France, Henry V (1386-1422), the young king of England, led his forces to victory at the Battle of Agincourt in northern France. Articles, Fact-file, Medieval. When the first French line reached the English front, the cavalry were unable to overwhelm the archers, who had driven sharpened stakes into the ground at an angle before themselves. England had been fraught with political discord since Henry IV of the house of Lancaster (father of Henry V) had usurped the throne from Richard II in 1399. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Picasso had his first exhibit at age 13 and later quit art school so he ...read more, On October 25, 1944, during the Battle of the Leyte Gulf, the Japanese deploy kamikaze (“divine wind”) bombers against American warships for the first time. Despite the odds against him, Henry had won one of the great victories in military history. The King rushed to his brother’s rescue, and was smitten to the ground by a tremendous stroke; but in spite of the odds Alengon was killed, and the French second line was beaten hand to hand by the English chivalry and yeomen. The Battle of Agincourt served as the focal point of William Shakespeare’s play “Henry V.”. It will prove costly–to both sides. The situation in England, coupled with the fact that France was weakened by its own political crisis—the insanity of Charles VI had resulted in a fight for power among the nobility—made it an ideal moment for Henry to press his claims. The English army, led by King Henry V, famously achieved victory in spite of the numerical superiority of its opponent. As more and more French knights made their way onto the crowded battlefield, their mobility decreased further, and some lacked even the room to raise their arms and strike a blow. The next line of French knights that poured in found themselves so tightly packed (the field narrowed at the English end) that they were unable to use their weapons effectively, and the tide of the battle began to turn toward the English. The Hundred Years’ War was a discontinuous conflict between England and France that spanned two centuries. ...read more, President Ronald Reagan, citing the threat posed to American nationals on the Caribbean nation of Grenada by that nation’s Marxist regime, orders the Marines to invade and secure their safety. The delay allowed a large French force, led by the constable Charles d’Albret and the marshal Jean II le Meingre (called Boucicaut), to intercept him near the village of Agincourt on October 24. Commanded by Vice Admiral Nelson, the onslaught broke the allied line and exposed its center and rear to ...read more, Dunkirk is a small town on the coast of France that was the scene of a massive military campaign during World War II. After five weeks the town surrendered, but Henry lost half his men to disease and battle casualties. Departing from Harfleur on October 8, Henry marched northward toward the English-held port of Calais, where he would disembark for England, with a force of 1,000 knights and men-at-arms and 5,000 archers. He was at the height of his powers but died just two years later of camp fever near Paris. At least one scholar puts the French army at no more than 12,000, indicating that the English were outnumbered 2 to 1.
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