vespa wasp

Italy's crippled economy, and the disastrous state of its roads, were not immediately conducive to the re-development of the automobile market. It is closely related to another wasp species, V. austriaca, and is c… [25], Douglas produced Vespas which were often outdated compared to current Italian models. Douglas failed to meet the production numbers hoped for by Piaggio, though after production ceased in 1965, Douglas remained the UK importer for Vespa scooters until its demise in 1982.[25]. Between 1972 and 2001, it produced Vespas under licence for the Indonesian market. "[17] According to the Motorcycle Industry Council, U.S. scooter sales increased fivefold over six years, swelling from 12,000 units in 1997 to 69,000 units in 2002. In the 1950s and early 1960s, Vespa and Lambretta scooters were raced competitively against motorcycles, often winning the races. The cultural use of the scooter as a recreational vehicle with a sub-cultural following in the US/Canada and parts of Europe & Japan has also contributed to the rise in Vespa ownership. Growth in the US market and worldwide environmental concerns meant a need for larger and cleaner engines, so Vespa developed the LEADER (Low Emissions ADvanced Engine Range) series of four-stroke engines. In 1951, the financially troubled motorcycle manufacturer Douglas started production of Piaggio licensed Vespa scooters in Bristol, with a market to include some Commonwealth countries as well as the UK Westinghouse took over Douglas in 1955, and while motorcycle production was stopped in 1957, Vespa production in Britain continued until 1965. The first 13 examples appeared in spring 1946, and revealed their aeronautical background. [4], While taxonomically well defined, some confusion may remain about the differences between hornets and other wasps of the family Vespidae, specifically the yellowjackets, which are members of the same subfamily. The 1948 Vespa 125 had rear suspension and a bigger engine. Due to their size and the power of their venom, hornets are able to kill large insects such as honey bees, grasshoppers, locusts, and katydids without difficulty. The final production version, renamed the Vespa 946, appeared the following year, at EICMA 2012. The adult then eats its way through the silk cap. Piaggio unveiled its range of scooters at the Expo. Starr. In contrast, the Vespa is considered a utilitarian vehicle for hauling products and sometimes up to 5 family members in much of Asia and Mexico, This resurgence in interest in vintage motor scooters has also spawned a scooter restoration industry, with many restored Vespas being exported from Thailand, Vietnam and Indonesia to the rest of the world.[11][12][13]. The patent was approved the following December. Vespa (Italian pronunciation: [ˈvɛspa]) is an Italian brand of scooter manufactured by Piaggio. However, the road tests were encouraging, and even with no rear suspension the machine was more manoeuvrable and comfortable to ride than a traditional motorcycle. In 1953 a factory in Madrid began production of Motovespas, production continued until 2000. However, it has never been found in western North America. In 2004, the PX (model year 2005) was re-introduced to North America to meet market demand for the classic Vespa design. Hornets are often considered pests, as they aggressively guard their nesting sites when threatened and their stings can be more dangerous than those of bees. In 1959 Piaggio came under the control of the Agnelli family, the owners of car maker Fiat S.p.A.. Vespa thrived until 1992 when Giovanni Alberto Agnelli became CEO, but Agnelli was already suffering from cancer and died in 1997. A shortage of available parking for automobiles in large urban areas and the Vespa's low running costs are two reasons for the increase in Vespa (and other scooter) popularity. It was lighter, more aerodynamic, had an automatic gearbox and could take a series of engines from a 50 cc in either two-stroke or four-stroke, up to a 150 cc four stroke.[10]. Attention to aerodynamics is evident in all the design, in particular on the tail. Hornets tend to gnaw a hole in fruit to become totally immersed in its pulp. Piaggio first licensed the production of Vespa scooters in India to Bajaj Auto in the 1960s. [34], Piaggio/Vespa is developing a range of hybrid scooters. The factory was demolished in 2001. There is a Piaggio Museum & Gift Shop adjacent to the plant in central Pontedera, near Pisa, Tuscany. It gets up to roughly 3/4” and is considered one of the smallest of the species. In 2009, Vespa released the GTS 300 which can cruise at 65–70 mph (105–113 km/h). Two models are being developed at present, based on the Vespa LX 50 and the Piaggio X8 125. The early engine had no forced-air cooling, but fan blades were soon attached to the magneto-flywheel (which houses the points and generates electricity for accessories and for the engine's spark) to push air over the cylinder's cooling fins. After 5–8 days, the egg hatches. Vespa's largest market by all measures globally is still Italy, but as a result of the Mod subculture that developed in the 1960s, the United Kingdom is still Vespa's second largest global market—and at one point in the 1960s, its largest. Piaggio sold some 2,500 Vespas in 1947, over 10,000 in 1948, 20,000 in 1949, and over 60,000 in 1950. In 2004, the company introduced a gas-electric hybrid scooter and a scooter with two wheels at the front and one at the back. Models made by Douglas were primarily the Vespa 125 and 150 (VBB). Physically similar to the GT60, but available in a choice of colours. Za poprawnie opisane gatunki przyjmowane są współcześnie żyjące[2][1][3]: J.O. [23] Odległość od ocelli (3 małe plamki pomiędzy oczami) do … Worldwide, 22 species of Vespa are recognized. In the case of tropical species (e.g., V. tropica), life histories may well differ, and in species with both tropical and temperate distributions (such as the Asian giant hornet, V. mandarinia), the cycle likely depends on latitude. [20], Danmotor Vespa Indonesia (DMVI) was a joint venture between Indonesian interests and the East Asiatic Company, which was based in Denmark. The Scientific Monthly 15(1): 68–88, "Checklist of the species in the subfamily Vespinae (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Vespidae)", "Mass Envenomations by Honey Bees and Wasps", "Identification of acetylcholine, 5-hydroxytryptamine, histamine, and a new kinin in hornet venom (V. crabro)", "Stung – How tiny little insects get us to do exactly as they wish", "Deadly giant hornets kill 42 people in China", "Insect bites and stings: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia", "Volatile fragrance chemicals may attract unwanted attention from hornets and bees", Differences between Yellowjackets and Hornets, Controlling Wasps, Hornets, and Yellowjackets,, Insects used as insect pest control agents, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 21 October 2020, at 12:34. Beginning as a joint-venture with Piaggio in 1983, LML, in addition to being a large parts supplier for Piaggio, produced the P-Series scooters for the Indian market. The fuel cap was located underneath the (hinged) seat, which saved the cost of an additional lock on the fuel cap or need for additional metal work on the smooth skin. The scooter was presented to the press at Rome Golf Club, where journalists were apparently mystified by the strange, pastel coloured, toy-like object on display. ("It looks like a wasp!") This page was last edited on 15 October 2020, at 15:10. The Miami Auto Museum in North Miami, Florida claims to have largest collection of Vespa scooters with over 400 items.[14]. One of the best-loved models was the Vespa 150 GS introduced in 1955 with a 150 cc engine, a long saddle, and the faired handlebar-headlamp unit. She generally selects sheltered places such as dark, hollow tree trunks. This first generation of workers, invariably females, now gradually undertakes all the tasks formerly carried out by the queen (foraging, nest building, taking care of the brood, etc.) In 1999 Morgan Grenfell Private Equity acquired Piaggio, but a quickly hoped-for sale was dashed by a failed joint venture in China. [35], This article is about the Vespa line of scooters. The scooter had rigid rear suspension and small 8-inch (200 mm) wheels that allowed a compact design and plenty of room for the rider's legs. In the case of the Asian giant hornet (V. mandarinia), this is also used to mobilize many workers at once when attacking colonies of their prey, honey bees and other Vespa species. Piaggio acquired scooter and motorcycle maker Aprilia in 2006 and in that same year Piaggio shares were launched onto the Borsa Italiana with the listing symbol PIAGF. Upon seeing the MP6 for the first time, Enrico Piaggio exclaimed: "Sembra una vespa!" Vespa (Italian pronunciation: ) is an Italian brand of scooter manufactured by Piaggio.The name means wasp in Italian. With the introduction of payment by installments, sales took off. There are various classes in the United States, depending on the racing association. GTV 250 Standard model based on the GTS250ie. A person who accidentally picks fruit with a feeding hornet can be attacked by the disturbed insect. Features the front-fender-mounted headlight, shared only with the GTV 250. The victim is fully masticated and then fed to the larvae developing in the nest, rather than consumed by the adult hornets. Between 1956 and 1966 an unauthorised, reverse-engineered version of the Vespa was built and sold in the USSR by Vyatka. Vespa produces some of its scooters in Vietnam, and has also sold its Italian ones there.[19]. Schmidt, S. Yamane, M. Matsuura, C.K. [6], The biggest sales promo ever was Hollywood. Piaggio was displeased with the MP5, especially the tall central section. The name "hornet" is used for this species primarily because of its habit of making aerial nests (similar to some of the true hornets) rather than subterranean nests. William Wyler filmed Ben Hur in Rome in 1959, allowing Charlton Heston to abandon horse and chariot between takes to take a spin on the Vespa.[8][9]. The attack pheromone is released in case of threat to the nest. Starting in 1981, an 80cc version was available as well. The bike in 2006 spawned the iconic GTS-250ie version, with an upgraded suspension and the new QUASAR (QUArter-liter Smooth Augmented Range) 250 cc fuel-injected engine, capable of 80+ mph. [12], People who are allergic to wasp venom are also allergic to hornet stings. [33] There will be an hybrid option as well with a range of 200 km.

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