Hard to imagine how these guys did this with the lack of technology that we so take advantage of today. Though cartographers today don’t usually get the same kind of esteem that they did back when hand-drawn and engraved maps were expensive, prized pieces of art, cartography is still a very difficult discipline that’s equal parts art and science. These cookies do not store any personal information. The cartographers are indeed experts in penmanship and the material necessary to the production of fake identity papers was available to the Institute. List of famous cartographers, with photos, bios, and other information when available. The information used to create the map was compiled from early Hellenistic exploration including expeditions by Alexander the Great, Pytheas of Massalia, Megasthenes, Patrocles and Timosthenes of Rhodes. Other contributions, like the Mercator map projection, are still in use today. The French cartographer Nicolas de Fer was less a scientist than he was an artist. Pelham created the map of Boston and its surrounding areas for use by British intelligence. Thanks for the info. His father, Antoine de Fer, started the family business of mapmaking and engraving, which Nicolas later took over. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. He knew several polar explorers of the time, helped them translate accounts of their journeys into other languages, and drew maps of the areas they explored. He was also the first man ever to be able to calculate the size of the earth (with a remarkably low 2% error) using a measurement known as stades (taken from the length of a stadium, in this case, an Egyptian stadium), the earth’s axial tilt, and possibly even its distance from the sun. Gerardus Mercator’s Mercator Map. Location: Earth Sciences and Map Library (50 McCone) Reading Room. He painstakingly collected geographical and biological data over a period of years, and carefully traced the relationships he found between them. One of the works in which Ptolemy is known for is "Geography", which spoke about map projects and the difficulties of mapping. Most of the best geographers were also cartographers, and vice versa. Out of these, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. It’s a large round map, around two meters in diameter, painted on vellum and stretched in a wooden frame. The Tabular Rogeriana shows south oriented towards the top of the page. He was originally from Ceuta, a Spanish city inside the border of Morocco, and lived at the Sicilian court of King Roger II during the 12th century. The beauty of his maps was enough to get Nicolas de Fer a royal appointment as the geographer for the French Dauphin, the Duke of Anjou. Also: Netherlands: People: By occupation: Geographers: Cartographers. Very nice article! It requires a steady hand, attention to detail, and comprehensive knowledge of geography. The Mercator map projection was created as a navigational tool in 1569. He wrote the 19-volume Geography in Relation to Nature and the History of Mankind (Die Erdkunde im Verhältniss zur Natur und zur Geschichte des Menschen), and, along with Kant, was instrumental in establishing geography as a field of study. His world map is notable for its probable role in the Roman expansion. The map itself depicts the known world at the time- Europe, Asia, and Africa. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Mercator sought to account for this by keeping the lines straight, and distorting the size of objects closest to the poles. The world map was an accompaniment to his three-volume treatise entitled Geography.
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