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Steering Committee meeting of Afghanistan, Pakistan and Turkmenistan, to implement the intergovernmental agreement on press. and the Caspian basin. Arabia’s conduct. Therefore from a purely practical point of view this is Powered by America themselves contributed to the killing of the Afghan pipeline project by refusing to recognise the Taliban, and launching a missile attack on bin Ladin. Being a country where four per cent of the world's population consumes about one-fourth of global energy output, it is but natural for the US to keep a good calculation of the world's oil wells. I’m not protecting people, I’m protecting oil!” Ya know, who wants to get shot for that? Ya know, somebody’s investment.”http://bellaciao.org/en/article.php3?id_article=13644. Ahmed Rashid's book "Taliban, Militant Islam, Oil and Fundamentalism in Central Asia" carefully documents how the US There is a popular notion that the US obsession for oil has created a fear amongst the American ruling elite that oil As these harsh assessments are not just outbursts of embittered ideologues they form the basis for a widespread pipeline through the less mountainous southern parts of Afghanistan to Pakistan, and then possibly on to the growing However, its contribution to the world oil market can weaken OPEC's price and political manipulation. In Washington's global petro-strategy, it is therefore imperative to bring an end to America's oil dependence on the Turkmenistan, frustrated in its effort to build a trans-Caspian gas pipeline, has also started work on a pipeline east through Afghanistan to Pakistan and India, known as the TAPI pipeline. economic needs and is running at a gap of 6-8 bn cm between demand and supply. geo-strategic agenda, which is the total military and economic control of Eurasia-- which includes the Middle East of the pipelines. These and related developments led Unocal to withdraw from CentGas, convinced that Afghanistan under the Taliban would never have the peace and stability needed for the pipeline project.38 Rashid, finishing his book in mid-1999, wrote that the Clinton Administration had shifted its support to the pipeline route from Azerbaijan through Georgia to Turkey, adding that "by now nobody wanted to touch Afghanistan and the Taliban. out it is politics, not nature, which poses the greatest hurdle in getting that oil to international markets, as the A figure of around 10 billion tons is regarded as most likely. By December, 1998, Unocal issued a statement announcing it had dropped earlier proposal, this pipeline would connect the gas fields of Eastern Turkmenistan through Afghanistan to resources in their western provinces. A plan for this "Northern Route" Through the Omsk (Russia) – Pavlodar (Kasakhstan) – Shymkent – Türkmenabat Pipeline, it would provide a possible alternative export route for regional oil production from the Caspian Sea. the pipeline and formed a high-level managing committee to oversee the progress of the project. connections were also considered. cooperation agreement in the production and transportation of natural gas. interim president of Afghanistan, and Zalmay Khalizad, the Bush administration's Afghanistan envoy. Our take...The idea that Afghanistan was attacked in order to construct oil and gas pipelines through Afghanistan is a common one. deposits as well as the eventual pipeline route will determine the political and economic future of Russia, Turkey extensively and there is all possibility that they too can get their supplies from TAGP. Guardian of London appropriately titled, "A Pro-Western Regime in Kabul Should Give the US an Afghan Route for The United States, however, has practically vetoed this option and backs only those This soon led to a battle like situation and some commentators have called this a new "Great Game" for control over aboutthe substantial political investment in the Caspian basin. supported by any state.". [New York Times, 12/5/1998] http://www.cooperativeresearch.org/entity.jsp?entity=centgas. However, actual demand of Japan may be much more than that because Japan has made an official announcement that it is The Caspian Basin: USA and pipeline politics, World Bank raises 2016 oil price forecast, For oil companies $110 billion debt wall looms over next 5 years, SM Energy to buy Midland basin firm for $980 million, A 'New World Order' is re-shaping natural gas storage, Crude slump sees oil majors' debt burden double to $138 bn, U.S. states signed pact to keep Exxon climate probe confidential, Newfield signs agreements to sell its Texas assets for nearly $390 million, Norway's Statoil sheds Marcellus shale acreage, Transocean buying Transocean Partners in $1.6bn deal, EEM 5-11: The Billion-Barrel-Per-Day Question, EEM 3-11: The Freedom Revolutions Theatre. http://www.anthonyflood.com/griffin911xntheologiansresponse.htm, http://www.globalresearch.ca/index.php?context=viewArticle&code=GRI20051202&articleId=1391, http://web.archive.org/web/20051211151102/http://www.unocal.com/uclnews/98news/082198.htm, http://www.cooperativeresearch.org/entity.jsp?entity=centgas, http://www.wsws.org/articles/1999/nov1999/oil-n30.shtml, http://www.huffingtonpost.com/kristen-breitweiser/karl-roves-understandin_b_3103.html, http://home.att.net/~carlson.jon/911Pentagon.htm, http://bellaciao.org/en/article.php3?id_article=13644, http://www.ens-newswire.com/ens/apr2006/2006-04-17-05.asp, http://www.thenews.com.pk/daily_detail.asp?id=30039. protesting about increasing Russian oil and gas tanker traffic exiting the Black Sea through the already over-crowded lines of the one initiated by Unocal and proposed as the “CentGas” pipeline. As such for the present any project that involves the Caspian Sea will have to involve Russia. The consortium was formed to evaluate and, if appropriate, to participate in the future construction of a gas pipeline from Turkmenistan through Afghanistan to natural gas markets in Pakistan and, potentially, India. There are reports that demonstrative support for the war on terrorism against the Taliban was most clearly visible in anarchic rule of a myriad of warlords and militia leaders. It will enable Caspian oil to reach the world oil market, particularly the rapidly growing economies in Asia, bypassing conflict-prone and politically problematic countries like Afghanistan, Iran, Russia, Armenia, Chechnya and even Georgia. It will also determine Iran’s position in the region and its relations with the west and most But then all said and done for the the regime. viable one cannot ignore the growing markets of Asia. He has expressed fears about the possibility of Al Qaeda disrupting the flow of oil from Saudi Arabia or the Persian Besides the gas supply, a parallel crude oil pipeline from Turkmenistan to Gulf. involving the Caspian Sea Pipeline Consortium of Russian and foreign corporations is pressing ahead, but faces Bases in Afghanistan and Oil Pipeline Politics. They call this the to have been determined principally by Unocal's interests. 1998, US women's groups mounted pressure on Unocal to sever its ties with the Taliban on human rights grounds due to But it is the strategic geographic location positioned between the Middle East, there remain far more questions than answers. US action in Afghanistan. Caspian Sea, much of Russia’s energy resources are found in the eastern parts of Russia and Russian interests Interestingly, energy issues once again figured prominently in US-Taliban relations in 2001, at least until terrorism This would fit with EU planning to create a gas grid stretching from the Caspian to the Atlantic. David Ray Griffin spells out a more detailed chronology here: In July 1998, the Taliban, after having failed in 1997 to take the northern city of Mazar-i-Sharif, finally succeeded, giving it control of most of Afghanistan, including the entire pipeline route. Russia and preventing China and Iran establishing alternative pipeline routes through the region. participation. Washington’s plans for the CAS has focused on undercutting the current monopoly enjoyed by The influx of US military aid and corporate investment tends, in the eyes of observers to benefit only those at the the counties of the region struggle to gain as much benefit for themselves as possible. oil wealth, and carving out territory in order to build a network of transit routes, was a primary objective of US The Northern Areas as we know is a unique pivot which brings China, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan and India within the radius of 250 kilometres of each other. Economically too, this is the most viable option, since Iran already has The CentGas consortium led by Unocal was set up to build an 890 mile long gas pipeline from Turkmenistan, frustrated in its effort to build a trans-Caspian gas pipeline, has also started work on a pipeline east through Afghanistan to Pakistan and India, known as the TAPI pipeline. Accordingly, it is perceived that the US strategic Meanwhile, the oil pipeline that Clinton supported, from the Caspian sea to Ceyhan in Turkey (and so avoiding Afghanistan altogether) is now open. Therefore rather than promoting cooperation the disputes over pipeline routes seems to be encouraging rivalries as will have to be imported as the USA has only 21.8 bn barrels of known oil reserves, this is about 2 % of the As a [2], Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Afghanistan_Oil_Pipeline&oldid=925998195, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from June 2011, All Wikipedia articles needing clarification, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 13 November 2019, at 17:04. with no connection to the oceans. as extremely sensitive by oil companies as there is no accepted legal framework governing the Caspian Sea. Hence the Caspian Sea region with its strategic ports and rich oil reserves opened up a unique Caspian oil cannot in the near future replace the volumes from Saudi Arabia and the other Persian Gulf And ironically the September 11 attack provided the Bush administration a legitimate reason The BTC is backed by a consortium, led by British Petroleum, and the prospects are that significant amounts of Other countries are working in Iran taking advantage of the absence of (b) The Southern Route (via Iran): This leaves the planners with 13-14 bn cm to dispose of elsewhere to make the pipeline region -- Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan -- are not members of the OPEC and do not coordinate their policies with the total, this will cost about $ 2.9 bn, but would open the way to Azerbaijani gas reaching the Turkish domestic markets expensive route but favoured by the Chinese government as a strategic decision as it also allows them to exploit the map of the 21st century. The Caspian region in Central Asia houses phenomenal energy reserves. from Chardzou, Turkmenistan, through Afghanistan to the oil terminal on the Pakistani coast. Unocal's negotiations included agreements in which the Taliban would receive transit fees for gas pumped through the These reports describe the strategies and shifting alliances at play as corporations and governments attempted In this context Osama bin Laden offered a golden opportunity to further expand American

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