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Rasmussen C., Cameron S.A. (2007) A molecular phylogeny of the Old World stingless bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Meliponini) and the nonmonophyly of the large genus Trigona, Syst. der Tiere. However, unlike their close relatives, orchid bees do not display eusocial traits, such as worker sterility or cooperative brood care, and instead exhibit solitary, communal or parasocial nesting (Zucchi, Sakagami & Camargo, 1969; Cameron & Ramírez, 2001; Soucy, Giray & Roubik, 2003; Augusto & Garófalo, 2004; Roubik & Hanson, 2004). This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves. Our results indicate that the cleptoparasitic genus Exaerete is sister to the remaining orchid bee genera. Ecol Monogr 52:43–63, SenSarma M, Fuchs S, Werber C, Tautz J (2002) Worker piping triggers hissing for coordinated colony defence in the dwarf honeybee, Sheppard WS, Rinderer TE, Mazzoli JA, Stelzer JA, Shimanuki H (1991a) Gene flow between African-derived and European derived honey bee populations in Argentina. Collection data, taxonomic information and National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) GenBank accession numbers of samples used in the present study. Cornaby B.W. 8). 2026, 1–46. 9. Carvalho R.G.D.L. Our analyses illustrate the complex interplay between geological events, lineage diversification and trait evolution in the New World tropics. (São Paulo) 31, 435–506; 649–714. Since the 1960s, when fragrance-gathering behaviour was discovered (Vogel, 1963, 1966; Dodson et al., 1969), synthetic chemical baits that attract male bees have been widely used in ecological surveys across the Neotropics (Roubik & Ackerman, 1987; Roubik & Hanson, 2004). Innerhalb der Trigona Arten, die offenen Nester bauen, finden sich Arten, wie z.B. Temporal patterns of diversification in Andean Eois, a species‐rich clade of moths (Lepidoptera, Geometridae). For instance, several angiosperm plant families, including Costaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Orchidaceae and Zingiberaceae, are known to contain lineages that either rely heavily or depend exclusively on male and female euglossine bees for pollination (Dressler, 1982a). Current address: University of California Berkeley, 137 Mulford Hall #3114, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA. Nature 349:782–784, Sheppard WS, Soares AAE, Dejong D, Shimanuki H (1991b) Hybrid status of honey bee populations near the historic origin of Africanization in Brazil. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. Springer, Berlin [in German], von Siebold BTE (1856) Wahre Parthenogenese bei Schmetterlingen und Bienen. Table S3. Hafniae, Proft, Copenhagen [in Latin], Fabricius JC (1793) Systematic description of nature in accordance with the three natural kingdoms, according to classes, orders, genera and species with their distinguishing characteristics, alternative names and habitats. (1982) Stingless bees, in: Hermann H.R. Michener C.D. Phylogeny of bumble bees in the New World subgenus Fervidobombus (Hymenoptera: Apidae): Congruence of molecular and morphological data October … Orchid bees exhibit extensive overlap in the functional traits measured across taxa. Collection data, taxonomic information and National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) GenBank accession numbers of samples used in the present study. Novit. Proc Int Beekeep Congr 23:344–345. (2007) Meliponini, in: Moure J.S., Urban D., Melo G.A.R. We built two separate DEC models. This is a preview of subscription content, Alexander BA (1991) Phylogenetic analysis of the genus, Arias MC, Sheppard WS (2005) Phylogenetic relationships of honey bees (Hymenoptera: Apinae; Apini) inferred from nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequence data. (Eds. Ecol. Baumgartner D.L., Roubik D.W. (1989) Ecology of necrophilous and filth-gathering stingless bees (Apidae: Meliponinae) of Peru, J. Kans. 8; grey circles). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. CAS  Voucher specimens for the sampled taxa (listed in Supporting Information Appendix S1) are currently deposited in the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard University. 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Support values below the branches were obtained via parsimony bootstrap; values above the branches correspond to Bayesian posterior probabilities. The genus Euglossa is the most diverse within the tribe, containing approximately 110 species of primarily small bees distributed throughout the Neotropics. Evolution of nesting behaviour and kleptoparasitism in a selected group of osmiine bees (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae). Ronquist F., Huelsenbeck J.P. (2003) MrBayes 3: Bayesian phylogenetic inference under mixed models, Bioinformatics 19, 1572–1574. Learn more about Institutional subscriptions. Appendix S1. For example, the most basal node in the genus Eufriesea corresponds to a split between Central American and widespread South American lineages. (1959) Sibling species of Trigona from Angola (Hymenoptera, Apinae), Am. We investigated morphological disparity by implementing disparity-through-time (DTT) plots (Harmon et al., 2003). Aglae caerulea is restricted to the lowland wet forests of the Chocó region and Amazon basin of South America (Ramírez et al., 2002; Anjos-Silva, Camilo & Garófalo, 2006). Maddison W.P., Slatkin M. (1991) Null models for the number of evolutionary steps in a character on a phylogenetic tree, Evolution 45, 1184–1197. In total, 59 ingroup taxa (species of Epeolus) and 7 outgroup taxa (other Epeolini) were scored for 99 morphological characters, and sequence data were obtained for seven genes (one mitochondrial and six nuclear, 5399 bp in total). Phylogenetic independent habits encountered in Trigona s.s. include coprophily and necrophagy. Two sets of age constraints corresponding to the younger and older fossil age boundaries were implemented (see text for details). 8). Our parsimony analysis yielded 552 shortest trees (TL = 6899), with a strict consensus almost identical to the result of the Bayesian analysis (Fig. 90, 1–546. The family includes the most important managed pollinator (Apis mellifera, the honey bee) and the only bees domesticated by humans for honey production (1). An asterisk indicates the best-fit model for each subclade. Conversely, body mass had an intermediate average subclade disparity, as indicated by the close proximity of both the empirical and simulated curves (Fig. ), Catalogue of bees (Hymenoptera, Apoidea) in the Neotropical region, Sociedade Brasileira de Entomologia, Curitiba (Paraná), in press. Moreover, this clade is further supported by the bilobed gonostylus of the male genitalia (Ospina-Torres et al., 2006). In addition, we observed recurrent range splits connecting the Amazon and the Paraguayan Corridor, the Amazon and the Atlantic Forest, and the Amazon and the Andes (Fig. 33, 95–161. 9. Semi-logarithmic lineage-through-time (LTT) plot depicting diversification patterns of orchid bees. Bioinformatics 17:754–755, Jander R, Jander U (1970) Über die Phylogenie der Geotaxis innerhalb der Bienen (Apoidea). Keywords: ancestral state reconstruction, apidae, divergence dating, kleptoparasitism, molecular phylogeny Apidae is the largest family of bees, with over 5,600 described species. We estimated LTT plots on the basis of fossil-calibrated molecular clock chronograms obtained via both PL and MPL. Models of sequence evolution used for individual loci (determined via likelihood ratio test) employed in the locus-specific partitions for Bayesian phylogenetic analyses. 8; nodes highlighted with red circles). For instance, Aglae (one species), Eulaema (15–20 species) and Exaerete (seven species) have the largest body size among orchid bees, whereas Eufriesea (60 species) and Euglossa (> 100 species) are composed of mostly medium and small bees, respectively. Wille A. Provancher L. (1888) Additions et corrections au volume II de la faune entomologique du Canada, traitant des hyménoptères, Nat. However, more cladogenetic events in Epeolus were linked to instances of dispersal/vicariance. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. We investigated the timing and patterns of diversification in orchid bees with lineage-through-time (LTT) plots. © 2010 The Linnean Society of London, Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2010, 100, 552–572. 2). This pervasive pattern has been attributed to density-dependent diversification processes that may result from a decrease in speciation rates (in the absence of extinction rates) rather than increasing extinction rates (Rabosky & Lovette, 2008). (Ed. Camargo J.M.F., Pedro S.R.M. Rev. the formation of the isthmus of Panama) contributed to the diversification of the rich Neotropical biota. Cite as. Because all tribes of corbiculate bees, except Euglossini, exhibit some degree of advanced eusociality (Michener, 2007), the position of orchid bees with respect to the remaining corbiculate bee lineages can potentially establish the number of origins of eusocial behaviour in this group (for a most up-to-date review, see Kawakita et al. Colombia, Ecuador and Peru). (2003b) Meliponini neotropicais: o gênero Partamona Schwarz, 1939 (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Apinae) — bionomia e biogeografia, Rev. Zoologist. Not only has nest-parasitism in Exaerete potentially been stable for 20–25 Myr, but our data also suggest that ancestral host lineages of parasitic orchid bees may have gone extinct. 9). Use the link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues. Boxplots of body mass and body size grouped by orchid bee genera. Mus. Camargo J.M.F., Pedro S.R.M. Because a reversal from nest-parasitism to nest-building is unlikely (Danforth, 2002; Michener, 2007) and cleptoparasites depend on nest-building species to lay their own eggs, it is unlikely that the most recent common ancestor of Euglossini was a nest-parasite.

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