In addition second and third generations of the city's immigrant families leave to go to college, and do not return, as there are few jobs to attract college-educated citizens. Amsterdam is a city in Montgomery County, New York, United States. By 1832, the hamlet incorporates as a village to better manage the increasing growth; by 1885, the city is chartered. By 1920, the city's population was 33,524. The City of Amsterdam is surrounded on the north, east, and west sides by the town of Amsterdam. New York State Route 5S passes along the south side of the Mohawk River. The history of Amsterdam and the Mohawk Valley is on display at the Walter Elwood Museum. Amsterdam is located in Montgomery County, on the Mohawk River and the Erie Canal.The location is about 35 miles northwest of Albany.The first permanent settler was Albert Vedder, who began the community of Veddersburg in 1783 on the present site of Amsterdam. It was incorporated as a town in 1831 and as a city in 1885. It continued to be a center for carpet-making in the 20th century, when the Bigelow-Sanford and Mohawk Mills Carpet companies both were located in Amsterdam, but these companies have relocated to other regions. The Amsterdam Chamber of Commerce now has its headquarters in the building, which is next to Lock 11 of the New York State Barge Canal. Amsterdam is served by Fulton-Montgomery County Community College, located about seven miles west in Johnstown. Wooden locks under the bridge served as a dam protecting the village from the rising IJ waters, which often flooded the early settlement. Oops! New York State Route 30, a north-south highway called Market Street in part, crosses the Mohawk River to link the main part of Amsterdam to the New York State Thruway. Waves of immigrants, now Irish, Italian, Polish, and Eastern European, arrive to take the new mill and derivative jobs. Amsterdam is currently within New York's 20th congressional district. As of the census of 2010, there were 18,620 people, 8,324 households, and 4,721 families residing in the city. The city attempts to re-create its industrial base, but the effort is not terribly successful.. The children of the children of immigrants go off to college and do not return. As the city's website expresses it: In an attempt to draw people and business back to Amsterdam, the City and State began a program of urban renewal and arterial roadway construction, destroying much of the original fabric of downtown. Amsterdam was also the home of Coleco, makers of the ColecoVision, Cabbage Patch Kids and the Coleco Adam. The city developed on both sides of the Mohawk River and Erie Canal. Then, to add insult to injury, the city is hit by urban renewal. Some firms - such as the aptly named Noteworthy Company (inventors of the litter bag) are established and thrive. In 1664, New Amsterdam passed to English control, and English and Dutch settlers lived together peacefully.  It was located in the now-defunct town of Caughnawaga, but when the town of Amsterdam was created, the city changed its name to Amsterdam in 1803, possibly to encourage its selection as the seat of the town's government.. It was designed by Albert W. Fuller in the Beaux-Arts style. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 18,620. A new wave of immigrants, ambitious young persons from farmed-out and overcrowded New England, comes to find opportunity. There were 8,146 households in the city. Once again, Amsterdam is somewhere to be bypassed on the way to somewhere else. Literally, the carpet is pulled up from under the City's feet. These distribution centers provide thousands of jobs to city residents along with residents in other parts of the county. In an attempt to draw people and business back to Amsterdam, the City and State began a program of urban renewal and arterial roadway construction, destroying much of the original fabric of downtown. The City's 2003 Comprehensive Plan described a program to recognize what remains constant and what has changed and to capitalize on the city's assets, revitalize its urban center, and attract new visitors, businesses, and residents. What had hindered development - the steep drop to the river - now propels it with the force of a creek that drops 300 feet in its last three miles.  The median income for a household in the city, based on data from 2007 to 2011, was $38,699.. Many become nationally known leaders in their fields: the actor Kirk Douglas is one, but there are others in politics, sports, science, labor relations, and other endeavors. Shortly after World War II, however, manufacturing in general begins to move to the southern United States, where costs – including wages and taxes – are lower, and the mills of Amsterdam are no exception. The Port Jackson area on the south side is also part of the city. Amsterdam, named from the place in Holland from which many of the early settlers came, was formed from Caughnawaga, March 12, 1793.Perth, Fulton County, was taken off in … Prior to settlement by Europeans, the region which includes Amsterdam was inhabited by the Mohawk tribe of the Iroquois Confederacy, having pushed the Algonquin Mohican tribe across the Hudson River. During the early decades of the 1700s waves of Scotch-Irish and German Palatine immigrants begin to pour into the Mohawk Valley bypassing the Amsterdam area for points further west or in the Schoharie Valley: the land of the future city is rocky and steep; it's very close to the baronial holdings of the powerful Johnson family; there are fraudulent land claims hotly contested by the Mohawks. History of Amsterdam, NY FROM: Gazetteer and Business Directory OF Montgomery County, N. Y. In turn, the Mohawk Turnpike, the Erie Canal, and the coming of railroad service improved trade, and the steeply descending creeks were used to power an increasing number of mills, which in turn provided materials to make manufactured goods which were shipped by land, canal and rail. The Noteworthy Indian Museum details the history of the Mohawk Indians. One by one, they move south and overseas. And there is a new wave of immigrants, many Puerto Rican, coming to seek refuge from the poverty and crime of larger cities. PROFILE AND HISTORY OF THE TOWN OF AMSTERDAM From the Gazetteer and Business Directory of Montgomery County, N.Y. 1869-70. 26.2% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Soon mills crowd shoulder to shoulder on either side of the Chuctanunda to harness that power: not just to grind corn and saw lumber for local farmers, but to make products that can be cheaply transported throughout the region, country, and world, by the same means that inexpensively delivers raw materials. , Amsterdam experienced serious flooding damage in the aftermath of Hurricane Irene in late August 2011. The average household size was 2.24. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.3 square miles (16.3 km2), of which, 5.9 square miles (15.4 km2) of it is land and 0.3 square miles (0.9 km2) of it is water. After the war, Veddersburg (as it is now known after an early family) grows very slowly, a handful of mills, shops, and stores to attend to the needs of nearby farming communities. Soon mills crowd shoulder to shoulder on either side of the Chuctanunda to harness that power: not just to grind corn and saw lumber for local farmers, … One thing remains certain from previous cycles in Amsterdam's history: while geography is a formidable force in determining growth and decline, most telling are human decisions about land usage. In 1673, there was a short interruption of English rule … Amsterdam is located in Montgomery County, on the Mohawk River and the Erie Canal. Something went wrong while submitting the form, please try again. In the early 2000s distribution centers began being constructed in the Florida Business Park in the Town of Florida which is located right outside the City of Amsterdam. Many of its recommendations are now being acted on. The racial makeup of the city was 80.4% White (68.1% Non Hispanic White), 3.8% Black or African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0% Pacific Islander and 3.4% from two or more races. The New York State Thruway/Interstate 90 is a little less than a mile to the southwest of the city.  The settlement was incorporated as a village on April 20, 1830, from a section of the Town of Amsterdam. After the War, Loyalists like the powerful Johnson family fled to Canada, and many new settlers came from New England. Now, not only is there less to go downtown for, it's harder to get there. For the adjacent town, see, ‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or counties, Saint Stanislaus Roman Catholic Church Complex, United States District Court for the Northern District of California, "Manor That Has Stood for Centuries Teeters in Storm's Wake", "Amsterdam, New York (NY 12010) profile: population, maps, real estate, averages, homes, statistics, relocation, travel, jobs, hospitals, schools, crime, moving, houses, news, sex offenders", https://www.census.gov/prod/www/abs/decennial/, https://www.recordernews.com/news/local-news/171226, "Clock Tower owners hope to turn old Coleco offices into business incubator", "National Register of Historic Places Listings", William B. Tecler Arts in Education Magnet School, Marie Curie Institute of Engineering & Communications, Raphael J. McNulty Academy for International Studies and Literacy, "Ed Sullivan delighted with singer Arlene Fontana", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Amsterdam_(city),_New_York&oldid=984044710, Articles with dead external links from October 2016, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles using NRISref without a reference number, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2009, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Two Empire Service trains, operating between, The city is home to the Amsterdam Mohawks baseball team of the, Lord of the Harvest Church (Non-denominational), Amsterdam High School (part of the Greater Amsterdam School District, located in the Town of Amsterdam), Arlene Fontana, singer and actress, known for her appearances on various prime-time variety shows in the 1960s and early 70s, This page was last edited on 17 October 2020, at 20:41.
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